Revelations

PRESERVATION OF THE REVELATIONS RECEIVED BY
THE PROPHETS MUHAMMAD AND JESUS

By: Dr. Ahmad Shafaat

(Revised)
(March 2005)


CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1: REVELATION RECEIVED BY THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

I) Preservation of the Qur`an

A general but conclusive argument against allegations of alteration

"Collection" after the death of the Prophet

Copies made under ‘Uthman

Alleged verses about ‘Ali or the Umayyads

Alleged verse about stoning for adultery

Other allegations

Non-Muslim writers

II) Preservation of the Hadith

Chapter 2: REVELATION RECEIVED BY THE PROPHET JESUS

I) Extensive Observable Alterations at Every Stage

II) Christian responses to the unreliability of most gospel reports

Chapter 3: EARLY TRANSCRIPTION OF THE QUR`AN

I) Arabic System of Writing

The origin of the Arabic script

The diacritical and vowel marks

Kufi and Hijazi types of Arabic script

Some features of early Qur`anic manuscripts

II) Earliest Qur`an Manuscripts

        Manuscripts connected with ‘Uthman

        Manuscripts connected with ‘Ali and other companions

        Other manuscripts from the first century

        The destruction of the manuscript in possession of Hafsah

Chapter 4: THE NATURE OF PROVABLE VARIANTS OF THE QUR`AN

                 AND THE NEW TESTAMENT

I) The Qur`an

        Variants in the consonantal text

        Variants in recitation

        A simple mathematical calculation

        The original can be completely recovered

        Provable variants may be considered a part of revelation

II) The New Testament

Chapter 5: THE SEVEN AHRUF

        Examining the reliability of the ahadith about ahruf

        Difficulty in interpreting the seven ahruf

        Wide disagreement among scholars

        The positive message in the ahadith about ahruf

Christian missionaries’ rejection of the ahadith about ahruf: an example of double standards

Chapter 6: DETAILED EXAMINATION OF SOME ALLEGED VARIANTS

                 WITHOUT TEXTUAL SUPPORT

I) The Reference to the ‘Asr Prayer in Qur`an 2:238

II) Some variants attributed to ‘Abd Allah ibn Mas‘ud

Chapter 7: CONCLUSION

I) Summary of Historical Results

II) Some Theological Comments

        Revelation in the form of the Hadith and the Gospel tradition

        The promise of preservation of the Qur`anic revelation

The function of traditions alleging alterations in the Qur`an without textual support

The function of variants with textual support
 

 

Revelations